Wild flowers of Magyarlukafa

Meadow saffronAll nature pictures were taken by us in or near Magyarlukafa, unless stated otherwise.
The look of the forests and grasslands around Magyarlukafa is determined to a great extent by the large amounts of wild flowers, which appear and disappear with the rhythm of the seasons.

The first flower to show is the snowdrop which can be found in the wild in the undergrowth of the forests, where it can form large carpets in February.
In early spring the forest and the forest edge provide a superb visual display thanks to the many species and the large numbers of spring flowers.
One of the first species to cover the forest floor (from the end of March to mid April) is the hollowroot. Primroses too are very early flowering plants. In April appear a lot of spring flowers: common lungwort (forest floor), softest lungwort (more open and higher terrain), coralroot, wood anemone, yellow wood anemone, common dog-violet, spring vetchling, liverleaf, ground-ivy, pilewort and wild garlic. The forest edges and the scrubs around the grasslands turn white due to the blossoming of the omnipresent blackthorn. In April the cuckooflower shows up in moist grassland, the marsh-marigold in marshland areas and the white water-crowfoot in sun-drenched brooks.

In May the flowering of the bugleweed, the addersmeat, the nap-at-noon and the dusky crane's-bill is at its peak. At the same time appear the flowers of the yellow archangel. May is also the month in which most of the orchids are blooming. In the woods we'll find the lady orchid whereas the early marsh-orchid and the bog orchid occur in moist grasslands.

From early summer on, when all of the trees are fully leafed out, we'll shift our attention to the grasslands and open areas. Common species to be found here at that time are: daisy fleabane, meadow sage, field scabious, common chicory, betony, danewort, agrimony, meadow salsify, hedge woundwort, stiff hedgenettle, forking larkspur, wild carrot and large-flowered hemp-nettle.

Later on, in high summer the following species are joining them: elecampane, parsnip, goldenrod, purple loosestrife, cutleaf teasel, hemp-agrimony, glandular globe-thistle, viper's bugloss, Italian viper's bugloss, horse mint and brown knapweed.

Before summer gives way to autumn the flora is going to surprise us one more time. From the beginning of September (or the end of August) large patches of grassland are carpeted with the lilac flowers of the meadow saffron. They seem to appear out of nowhere as the leaves of the plant already have withered and have disappeared completely at that time of year.

Abutilon theophrasti Velvetleaf
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Adoxa moschatellina Moschatel
Aegopodium podagraria Ground elder
Agrimonia eupatoria Common agrimony
Ajuga chamaepitys Yellow bugle
Ajuga reptans Bugleweed
Alisma plantago-aquatica Common water-plantain
Alliaria petiolata Garlic mustard
Allium scorodoprasum Sand leek
Allium ursinum Wild garlic
Allium vineale Crow garlic
Althaea officinalis Marsh-mallow
Anacamptis morio Green-winged orchid
Anacamptis palustris Bog orchid
Anagallis arvensis Scarlet pimpernel
Anemone hepatica Liverwort
Anemone nemorosa Wood anemone
Anemone ranunculoides Yellow wood anemone
Angelica sylvestris Wild angelica
Anthriscus sylvestris Cow parsley
Arctium lappa Greater burdock
Arctium tomentosum Woolly burdock
Arum maculatum Lords-and-ladies
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
Asperula cynanchica Squinancywort
Astragalus cicer Chickpea milkvetch
Ballota nigra Black horehound
Bellis perennis Common daisy
Bidens cernua Nodding beggarticks
Caltha palustris Marsh-marigold
Calystegia sepium Hedge bindweed
Campanula patula Spreading bellflower
Campanula trachelium Nettle-leaved bellflower
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's purse
Cardamine bulbifera Coralroot
Cardamine enneaphyllos Drooping bittercress
Cardamine pratensis Cuckooflower
Centaurea cyanus Cornflower
Centaurea jacea Brown knapweed
Centaurea scabiosa Greater knapweed
Centaurium erythraea Common centaury
Chelidonium majus Greater celandine
Chrysosplenium alternifolium Golden-saxifrage
Cichorium intybus Common chicory
Cirsium arvense Creeping thistle
Cirsium dissectum Meadow thistle
Cirsium oleraceum Cabbage thistle
Cirsium vulgare Spear thistle
Clematis vitalba Old man's beard
Clinopodium nepeta Lesser calamint
Clinopodium vulgare Wild basil
Colchicum autumnale Meadow saffron
Consolida regalis Forking larkspur
Convolvulus arvensis Field bindweed
Cornus mas Cornelian cherry
Corydalis cava Hollowroot
Crataegus monogyna Common hawthorn
Cruciata laevipes Crosswort
Cynoglossum officinale Houndstongue
Dactylorhiza incarnata Early marsh-orchid
Datura stramonium Thorn apple
Daucus carota Wild carrot
Dianthus armeria Deptford Pink
Dipsacus fullonum Wild teasel
Dipsacus laciniatus Cutleaf teasel
Echinops sphaerocephalus Glandular globe-thistle
Echium italicum Italian viper's bugloss
Echium vulgare Viper's bugloss
Epilobium hirsutum Great willowherb
Epilobium palustre Marsh willowherb
Erigeron annuus Daisy fleabane
Erodium cicutarium Common stork's-bill
Eryngium campestre Field eryngo
Erythronium dens-canis Dog's-tooth-violet
Euonymus europaeus Spindle
Eupatorium cannabinum Hemp-agrimony
Euphorbia amygdaloides Wood spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias Cypress spurge
Ficaria verna Pilewort
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
Fragaria vesca Woodland strawberry
Gagea lutea Yellow star-of-Bethlehem
Galanthus nivalis Snowdrop
Galeopsis speciosa Large-flowered hemp-nettle
Galium aparine Cleavers
Galium odoratum Sweetscented bedstraw
Galium verum Lady's bedstraw
Genista tinctoria Dyer's broom
Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Crane's-bill
Geranium phaeum Dusky crane's-bill
Geum urbanum Wood avens
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy
Helleborus dumetorum Small-flowered hellebore
Hieracium pilosella Mouse-ear hawkweed
Hypericum perforatum Common Saint John's wort
Humulus lupulus Common hop
Inula britannica British yellowhead
Inula helenium Elecampane
Iris pseudacorus Yellow iris
Isopyrum thalictroides Rue-leaved isopyrum
Jacobaea vulgaris Ragwort
Jasione montana (Mecsek, Jakabhegy) Sheep's bit
Knautia arvensis Widow flower
Knautia drymeia Hungarian widow flower
Lamium galeobdolon Yellow archangel
Lamium maculatum Spotted dead-nettle
Lamium purpureum Red dead-nettle
Lathraea squamaria Common toothwort
Lathyrus cicera Red vetchling
Lathyrus tuberosus Tuberous pea
Lathyrus vernus Spring vetchling
Leonurus cardiaca Motherwort
Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye daisy
Linaria vulgaris Common toadflax
Ligustrum vulgare Wild privet
Lotus corniculatus Common bird's-foot trefoil
Lotus herbaceus Herb canary clover
Lycopus europaeus Gipsywort
Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum Purple gromwell
Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife
Malva sylvestris Common mallow
Matricaria chamomilla Chamomile
Melampyrum arvense Field cow-wheat
Melampyrum nemorosum Wood cow-wheat
Melilotus albus Honey clover
Melittis melissophyllum Bastard balm
Mentha aquatica Water mint
Mentha longifolia Horse mint
Mercurialis perennis Dog's mercury
Moenchia mantica Upright chickweed
Muscari comosum Tassel hyacinth
Myosotis scorpioides True forget-me-not
Myosotis ramosissima Early forget-me-not
Narcissus poeticus Poet's daffodil
Nonea pulla Monkswort
Odontites vernus Red bartsia
Onobrychis viciifolia Common sainfoin
Ononis spinosa Spiny restharrow
Onopordum acanthium Cotton thistle
Orchis purpurea Lady orchid
Ornithogalum umbellatum Star-of-Bethlehem
Orobanche purpurea Yarrow broomrape
Oxalis corniculata Creeping woodsorrel
Oxalis stricta Yellow woodsorrel
Papaver rhoeas Red poppy
Paris quadrifolia Herb-paris
Pastinaca sativa Parsnip
Phytolacca americana American pokeweed
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort plantain
Plantago media Hoary plantain
Polygala amara Bitter milkwort
Polygonatum multiflorum Solomon's seal
Potentilla anserina Silverweed
Potentilla argentea Hoary cinquefoil
Potentilla neumanniana Spring cinquefoil
Potentilla recta Sulphur cinquefoil
Potentilla reptans Creeping cinquefoil
Primula vulgaris Common primrose
Prunella laciniata Cutleaf self-heal
Prunella vulgaris Common self-heal
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn
Pulmonaria mollis Softest lungwort
Pulmonaria officinalis Common lungwort
Ranunculus aquatilis White water-crowfoot
Ranunculus repens Creeping buttercup
Ranunculus sceleratus Celery-leaved buttercup
Rubus fruticosus Blackberry
Rumex acetosa Common sorrel
Ruscus aculeatus Butcher's-broom
Salvia glutinosa Sticky sage
Salvia nemorosa Woodland sage
Salvia pratensis Meadow sage
Sambucus ebulus Danewort
Sanicula europaea Sanicle
Saxifraga bulbifera Bulbiferous saxifrage
Scabiosa ochroleuca Cream pincushions
Scilla vindobonensis Hungarian two-leaf squill
Scutellaria galericulata Common skullcap
Securigera varia Crownvetch
Sedum sexangulare Tasteless stonecrop
Silene flos-cuculi Ragged robin
Silene latifolia White campion
Silene vulgaris Bladder campion
Solanum nigrum Black nightshade
Solidago gigantea Tall goldenrod
Stachys officinalis Betony
Stachys recta Stiff hedgenettle
Stachys sylvatica Hedge woundwort
Stellaria holostea Addersmeat
Stellaria media Common chickweed
Succisa pratensis Devil's-bit
Symphytum officinale Comfrey
Symphytum tuberosum Tuberous comfrey
Tanacetum parthenium Feverfew
Tanacetum vulgare Tansy
Taraxacum officinale Common dandelion
Teucrium chamaedrys Wall germander
Thalictrum lucidum Shining meadow-rue
Thymus serpyllum Wild thyme
Torilis japonica Erect hedgeparsley
Tragopogon pratensis Meadow salsify
Trapa natans Water caltrop
Trifolium arvense Hare's-foot clover
Trifolium campestre Hop trefoil
Trifolium ochroleucon Sulphur clover
Trifolium pratense Red clover
Trifolium repens White clover
Tussilago farfara Coltsfoot
Utricularia vulgaris Common bladderwort
Valeriana dioica Marsh valerian
Valeriana officinalis Valerian
Valerianella locusta Common cornsalad
Verbascum blattaria Moth mullein
Verbascum nigrum Black mullein
Verbena officinalis Common vervain
Veronica agrestis Green field-speedwell
Veronica arvensis Wall speedwell
Veronica chamaedrys Germander speedwell
Veronica hederifolia Ivy-leaved speedwell
Veronica persica Common field-speedwell
Veronica prostrata Prostrate speedwell
Veronica serpyllifolia Thymeleaf speedwell
Veronica spicata Spiked speedwell
Vicia cracca Cow vetch
Vicia grandiflora Large Yellow Vetch
Vicia lathyroides Spring vetch
Vinca minor Lesser periwinkle
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria White swallow-wort
Viola alba White violet
Viola arvensis Field pansy
Viola canina Heath dog-violet
Viola odorata Wood violet
Viola reichenbachiana Early dog-violet
Viscum album Mistletoe